I’m working on a project that discusses Obesity in the adults in the San Fernando Valley area ( in California
US) we’re looking into adults ages 30-40 and Hispanic Low income community
Describe and define the health problem using significance and justification based on research findings from
credible secondary data sources (CDC, CADPH, LADPH). Indicate what is known about incidence, prevalence,
and significance (societal/healthcare/productivity etc.) from the national, state, and SPA level.
A minimum of 3 secondary data sources
Sample Paper from another student:
Public Health Problem
Infant mortality occurs when an infant dies in the first year of life. In the United States, 22,000 babies die before
their birthday each year; a rate of 5.8 deaths per 1,000 live births (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
[CDC], 2019). California’s infant mortality rate is lower than that of the national average (4.2 per 1,000 live
births), and Los Angeles County rates mirror that of California, with 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births ( CDC,
2019, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health [LACDPH], 2017). In Palmdale, Service Planning Area
1 (SPA1) of LA County, infant mortality rates are disproportionately high at 6.8 deaths per 1,000 live births
Breastfeeding reduces infant mortality risk, with exclusively breastfed children 14 times less likely to die in the
first six months of life. Increasing breastfeeding rates worldwide could prevent over 800,000 deaths annually,
however, only 41% of babies are breastfed for the first six months (United Nations Children’s Fund [UNICEF],
2019). In the United States, 24.9% of mothers breastfeed for the first six months postpartum and in California,
rates drop to only 20.4% (CDC, 2019).
Breastfeeding is beneficial for the mother and the infant. Studies have shown that not breastfeeding increases
risk for childhood obesity, type 1 and 2 diabetes, and developmental delays. For the mother, breastfeeding
reduces risk for certain cancers, prevents excess weight gain, and is protective for type 2 diabetes (Stuebe,
2009). Low breastfeeding rates contributes $3 billion dollars in medical costs for the mother and child annually
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