Review And Compare Competencies From The ANA Competency Model And AOEN Nurse Manager Competencies.

Review and compare competencies from the ANA Competency Model and AOEN Nurse Manager Competencies. 

(Please the attachment below for the ANA Competency Model and AOEN Nurse Manager Competencies).

Please provide general comments on how you would progress in your nursing career to achieve the competencies as a nurse manager and/or nurse leader.

APA format with in-text citation use attachment provided for references and citation.

Competency Model

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A N A L E A D E R S H I P

Embark on the journey.

F o r a l i s t i n g o f a l l A N A L e a d e r s h i p e d u c a t i o n a l o f f e r i n g s , p l e a s e c l i c khttps://www.nursingworld.org/continuing-education/ce-subcategories/leadership/

O V E R V I E W The American Nurses Association’s Leadership embarked on the journey of building, enhancing, and strengthening the leadership competencies of nurses and those working or serving the nursing profession by reflecting on the seminal work of the ANA, foundational elements of the nurse profession, and incorporating evidence-based instructional design and leadership theories and research.

As depicted in the Model of Professional Nursing Practice Regulation (see Figure 1), the professional organization is responsible to the public and the profession to define the scope and standards of practice for nursing. ANA established the foundational work for the profession through the ANA Leadership Package which consists of three specific documents: Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice, Code of Ethics for Nursing and Nursing’s Social Policy Statement. These foundational documents guide the practice of nursing, frame the standards of care and reflect the patterns of professional performance in the dynamic environment of health care.

QUALITY

EVIDENCE

SAFETY QUALITY

EVIDENCECE

SAS FETY

FIGURE 1. MODEL OF PROFESSIONAL NURSING PRACTICE REGULATION (ANA, 2010)

ANA Leadership • Competency Model ©American Nurses Association 201 . All Rights Reserved.

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These documents also serve as the embodiment of the bottom tier of the pyramid; the highest level of the pyramid—Self Determination—is the key focus of the ANA Leadership. It is within this model and at this level that the ANA Leadership has established its work to help the nurse leader prepare and enhance the leadership qualities, abilities and impact of the nursing profession for the health of society.

The Nursing Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance include competencies required of registered nurses. The Standards of Professional Performance contains ten standards that dovetail with the ANA Leadership competencies that were selected from the Center for Creative Leadership’s (CCL®) Competency Library and serve as the foundation for all courses, programs and offerings.

The following standards of professional performance dovetail with the ANA Leadership competencies:

COLLABORATION | The registered nurse collaborates with health care consumer, family, and others in the conduct of nursing practice. For ANA Leadership, collaboration surfaces in the competencies related to participative management and building collaborative relationships. Nurse leaders must be able to work in collaboration with other health professionals and leaders from other disciplines including finance, manufacturing, and other for-profit and non-profit industries.

COMMUN ICATION | The registered nurse uses a wide variety of communication skills in all areas of practice. For ANA Leadership, communication is reflected in the competencies that embrace effectively communicating information and ideas in writing and verbally as well as expressing ideas clearly and concisely and inspiring others.

EDUCATION | The registered nurse attains knowledge and competence that reflects current nursing practice. Education is a key element of the nursing profession and life-long learning, and the ANA Leadership embraces and encourages professional development through the various courses, seminars, and programs across the three leadership tracks.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH | The registered nurse practices in an environmentally safe and healthy manner. For ANA Leadership, environmental health is reflected in the leadership programs related to wellness and self-care—the elements embodied in image, initiative, and self-awareness.

ETHICS | The registered nurse practices ethically. For ANA Leadership, ethics is reflected in the integrity competency that includes elements of honesty, responsibility, credibility, and the ability to use ethical considerations to guide decisions and actions.

EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE AND RESEARCH | The registered nurse integrates evidence and research findings into practice. For ANA Leadership, evidence-based practice and research is embodied in the work and also reflected in competencies of business acumen, systems thinking, and learning capacity.

LEADERSHIP | The registered nurse demonstrates leadership in the professional practice setting and the profession. For ANA Leadership, leadership competencies are the foundation of programs developed for Leadership and embody three key areas for leading the self, leading others, and leading the organization.

PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE EVALUATION | The registered nurse evaluates her or his own nursing practice in relation to professional practice standards and guidelines, relevant statutes, rules, and regulations. For ANA Leadership, professional practice evaluation is embodied in the competencies of self-awareness, learning capacity, image, adaptability, interpersonal savvy, and self- management, self-insight, and self-development.

QUALITY OF PRACTICE | The registered nurse contributes to quality nursing practice through creativity, innovation and overall quality improvement. For ANA Leadership, nurse performance and overall leadership preparation and enhancement contributes to the quality of practice.

RESOURCE UTILIZATION | The registered nurse utilizes appropriate resources to plan and provide nursing services that are safe, effective, and financially responsible. For ANA Leadership, resource utilization is highlighted in the competencies of business acumen, influence, systems thinking, vision and strategy.

ANA Leadership Competencies embrace the Standards of Nursing Performance competencies listed above and reflect the well-established competencies for leadership from

the Center for Creative Leadership (CCL®) from which they are drawn.

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As stated in the Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice (second edition), the public has a right to expect registered nurses to demonstrate professional competence throughout their careers. This responsibility is shared across a continuum. The registered nurse is individually responsible and accountable for maintaining professional competence. It is the nursing profession’s responsibility to shape and guide any process for assuring nurse competence. Regulatory agencies define minimal standards of competence to protect the public. The employer is responsible and accountable to provide a practice environment conducive to competent practice. Assurance of competence is the shared responsibility of the profession, individual nurses, professional organizations, credentialing and certification entities, regulatory agencies, employers, and other key stakeholders (ANA, 2010).

ANA believes that in nursing practice competence can be defined, measured, and evaluated. Additionally, ANA believes professional leadership competencies can also be defined and measured. The set of competencies selected from CCL’s Competency Library, an evidence-based resource of research on leadership, support the foundation of work across the Nurse Leader Track.

Professional Competence in Nursing Practice & Nurse Leadership

An individual who demonstrates competence is performing at an expected level. The Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2003), defined professional competence as “the habitual and judicious use of communication, knowledge, technical skills, clinical reasoning, emotions, values, and reflection in daily practice for the benefit of the individuals and community being served.”

A competency is an expected level of performance that integrates knowledge, skills, abilities, and judgment.

The integration of knowledge, skills, abilities, and judgment occurs in formal, informal, and reflective learning experiences.

Knowledge encompasses thinking, understanding of theories, professional standards of practice, and insights gained from context, practical experiences, personal capabilities, and leadership performance.

Skills include communication, interpersonal, and problem- solving skills.

Ability is the capacity to act effectively. It requires listening, integrity, self-awareness, emotional intelligence, and openness to feedback.

Judgment includes critical thinking, problem solving, ethical reasoning, and decision-making.

Interprofessional refers to the shared relationship among individuals, groups, and organizations from different disciplines. The synergies created through groups, committees, projects that comprise individuals from different disciplines; the impact of teamwork.

Interdisciplinary as used in this context refers to cross disciplines of health and health care (e.g., medicine, pharmacology, nursing) and business (e.g., leadership, communications, finance).

Transformational leadership includes the competencies required to inspire and stimulate followers to achieve extraordinary outcomes and in the process, develop their own leadership capacity. They help followers grow and develop into leaders by responding to needs, empowering the individual, and aligning the goals and objectives across the span from follower/subordinate to leader to organization.

Formal learning most often occurs in structured, academic, and professional development practice environments, while informal learning can be described as experiential insights gained in work, community, home, and other settings.

Reflective learning represents the recurrent thoughtful personal self-assessment, analysis, and synthesis of strengths and opportunities for improvement. Such insights should lead to the creation of a specific plan for professional development and may become part of one’s professional portfolio. The ANA Leadership Institute has developed individual 360-degree assessment tools and instruments to support this aspect of an individual’s leadership journey.

DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS RELATED TO COMPETENCE

A number of terms are central to the discussion of competence whether in the clinical setting, academic or professional/administrative setting:

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Professional Development in Nursing—an art & science Nursing is a scientific discipline as well as a professional journey. The science of nursing is based on an analytical framework of critical thinking known as the nursing process comprised of assessment, diagnosis, outcomes identification, planning, implementation and evaluation. Nurses as scientists rely on evidence to guide their policies and practices. Central to nursing practice is the art of caring and the personal relationship that the nurse enters with the patient. Across the profession—combining the art and science, nursing focuses on the promotion and maintenance of health and the prevention or resolution of disease, illness or disability.

While early education and professional practice enables nurses to conduct their clinical work, additional preparation and professional development is central to enhancing the ability to function and contribute in a rapidly changing health care environment. A continued commitment to the nursing profession requires a nurse to remain involved in continuous learning and strengthening individual performance within varied settings. ANA Leadership was developed with the professional development of nurse leaders in mind. Health care reform will continue to evolve and thus, provide additional opportunities for nurses to function either within their full scope of practice across various settings or in various leadership positions across health care and beyond.

ANA LEADERSHIP ANA developed the ANA Leadership for the nurse interested in excelling in a career path, a leader within a health care organization who represents the interests of the nursing profession, a seasoned nurse or health care administrator interested in refining skills to differentiate them from the competition or to advance to the next level of leadership. The professionally developed programs draw on evidence-based practice and multi- disciplinary approaches to build, develop, enhance and grow the leadership impact of every nurse and nurse leader who makes the investment.

EVALUATING COMPETENCE ANA designed the Leadership program with a focus on evidence-based application. The rich history and grounded research conducted by CCL to identify leadership competencies provided the foundation upon which ANA started the journey. ANA believes that competence in nursing practice must be evaluated by the individual nurse (self-assessment), nurse peers, and nurses in the roles of supervisor, coach, mentor, or preceptor. Additionally, other aspects of nursing performance may be evaluated by professional colleagues and patients. ANA Leadership has embarked on an additional form of evaluating competence—the 360-degree assessment tool—customized specifically for ANA and those serving the nursing profession.

Competence can be evaluated by using tools that capture objective and subjective data about the individual’s knowledge base and actual performance and are appropriate for the specific situation and the desired outcome of the competence evaluation. One tool that could be used to inform improvement is the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI®). NDNQI was developed to aid the registered nurse in patient safety and quality improvement efforts by providing research- based national comparative data on nursing care and the relationship to patient outcomes. NDNQI is the only national, nursing quality measurement program which provides hospitals with unit-level performance comparison reports at the state, regional, and national levels. One of the measures of NDNQI is the RN survey which is conducted on an annual basis to serve nurse managers in addressing the needs of their nurse staff, improve work environments and assist with retention and recruitment.

To assist with overall evaluation of the impact of ANA , the ANA convened an Evaluation Group comprised of key experts in nursing performance, leadership, and evaluation design to develop a series of methodologies to inform the leadership development and enhancement process.

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ANA Leadership Competencies

Each program offering is designed according to expected outcomes based on competencies drawn from the Center for Creative Leadership (CCL®) Competency Library—an evidence-based process for tailoring competencies most relevant for leadership development at different stages of a career trajectory. CCL, a top-ranked

provider of executive education, is a pioneer in the use of assessment and their expertise has earned the trust of

thousands of professionals and consultants around the world.

While other organizations within the nursing community (e.g., American Organization of Nurse Executives, American Association of Critical-Care

Nurses, and Oncology Nursing Society) have developed leadership competencies, ANA identified a unique niche and need to develop

programs based on a selection of competencies from the CCL that transcend any one specialty or profession and identify leadership competencies across the trajectory of professional development.

Additionally, ANA Leadership curriculum is designed to specifically address career derailment factors that impact career success. These factors include difficulty building and leading a team, developing good working relationships with others, changing or adapting, following up on promises or completing a job, and lacking the depth to manage outside of

one’s current function.

As shown in the graphic to the left, the full complement of competency clusters are organized by three distinct domains:

Leading Yourself, Leading Others, and Leading the Organization. These three domains encompass specific competencies from which the

ANA derived the specific competencies for career advancement for the nurse and nursing professional.

Center for Creative Leadership, CCL®

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ANA Leadership ADVISORY COUNCIL ANA secured an external group of experts to provide input, perspective, expertise and guidance to ANA Leadership. The individuals include:

• Dawn Bazarko, DNP, MPH, RN Senior VP, Center for Nursing Advancement, United Health Group Minneapolis, MN

• Linda Groah, MSN, RN, CNOR, NEA-BC, FAAN, CEO Association of periOperative Registered Nurses Denver CO

• Susan Hassmiller, PhD, RN, FAAN Senior Adviser for Nursing, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Princeton, NJ

• Susan Reinhard, PhD, RN, FAAN Senior VP, AARP Public Policy Institute, Chief Strategist, Center to Champion Nursing in America Washington DC

• Rose Sherman, EdD, RN, NEA-BC, CNL, FAAN Associate Professor, Director, Nursing Leadership Institute, Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, FL

• Les Wallace, PhD Owner, Signature Resources Denver, CO

In May 2013, the Advisory Council convened to review the CCL competencies, discuss the types of leaders within each track, and identify the competencies according to a career trajectory. They completed the selection process via email exchange and dialogue to develop the final set upon which the curriculum is developed.

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ANA LEADERSHIP COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK

ADAPTABILITY Openness to influence, flexibility

IMAGE Executive image

INITIATIVE Motivates self

INTEGRITY Builds relationships

LEARNING CAPACITY Knowledge of job, business

SELF-AWARENESS Self-awareness

COMMUNICATION Communicating effectively

CONFLICT Confronting problem employees

DIVERSITY Leveraging differences

EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT Developing and empowering

RELATIONSHIPS Building collaborative relationships

BUSINESS ACUMEN Seeks broad business knowledge

CHANGE Change management

DECISION MAKING Decisiveness

INFLUENCE Strategic perspective

PROBLEM SOLVING Getting information, making sense

of it; problem identificatn

SYSTEMS THINKING Acts systemically

VISION AND STRATEGY Strategic planning

PROJECT MANAGEMENT Organizes

L E A D I N G Y O U R S E L F L E A D I N G O T H E R S L E A D I N G T H E O R G A N I Z AT I O N

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COMPETENCY CLUSTER

DESCRIPTION BEHAVIORS

Communication Communicating effectively Expresses ideas clearly and concisely; disseminates information about decisions, plans, and activities.

• Expresses ideas fluently and eloquently. • Prevents unpleasant surprises by communicating important

information. • Encourages direct and open discussions about important issues. • Writes clearly and concisely. • Conveys ideas through lively examples and images.

Conflict Confronting problem employees Acts decisively and with fairness when dealing with problem employees.

• Can deal effectively with resistant employees. • Acts decisively when faced with a tough decision such as laying off

workers, even though it hurts him/her personally. • Moves quickly in confronting a problem employee. • Is able to fire or deal firmly with loyal but incompetent people without

procrastinating. • Correctly identifies potential performance problems early. • Appropriately documents employee performance problems.

Diversity Leveraging differences Works effectively with people who differ in race, gender, culture, age, or background; leverages the unique talents of others to enhance organizational effectiveness.

• Promotes policies that are sensitive to the needs of a diverse workforce.

• Works well with people who differ in race, gender, culture, or age. • Leverages the unique talents and viewpoints of others. • Hires people with a diversity of skills and backgrounds. • Respects employees regardless of their position or background.

Employee Development

Developing and empowering Offers constructive feedback and encouragement; delegates work and encourages individual initiative.

• Delegates work that provides substantial responsibility and visibility. • Acts as a mentor, helping others to develop and advance in their

careers. • Supports the decisions and actions of direct reports. • Utilizes others’ capabilities appropriately. • Develops staff through constructive feedback and encouragement. • Encourages individual initiative in determining how to achieve broad

goals.

Relationships Building collaborative relationships Builds productive working relationships with co- workers and external parties.

• Gets things done without creating unnecessary adversarial relationships.

• Uses good timing and common sense in negotiating; makes his/her points when the time is ripe and does it diplomatically.

• When working with a group over whom he/she has no control, gets things done by finding common ground.

• When working with peers from other functions or units, gains their cooperation and support.

• Tries to understand what other people think before making judgments about them.

• Quickly gains trust and respect from his/her customers. • Can settle problems with external groups without alienating them.

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DESCRIPTION BEHAVIORS

Business Acumen

Seeks broad business knowledge Has an understanding of the business that goes beyond his/her own limited area; seeks to understand both the products/services and the financial aspects of the businesss.

• Has a solid understanding of our products and services.

• Knows how the various parts of the organization fit together.

• Knows the business.

• Understands the financial side of the business.

Change Change management Uses effective strategies to facilitate organizational change initiatives and overcome resistance to change.

• Leads change by example.

• Accepts change as positive.

• Adapts plans as necessary.

• Takes into account people’s concerns during change.

• Effectively involves key people in the design and implementation of change.

• Adjusts management style to changing situations.

• Effectively manages others’ resistance to organizational change.

• Adapts to the changing external pressures facing the organization.

• Is straightforward with individuals about consequences of an expected action or decision.

Decision Making

Decisiveness Prefers quick and approximate actions in many management situations.

• Does not hesitate when making decisions.

• Does not become paralyzed or overwhelmed when facing action.

• Is action-oriented.

Problem Solving

Getting information, making sense of it; problem identification Seeks information and can create order out of large quantities of information. Gets to the heart of a problem.

• Seeks information energetically. • Probes, digs beneath the surface, test the validity of information. • Creates order out of large quantities of information. • Is a keen observer of people, events, and things. • Defines problems effectively, gets to the heart of a problem. • Spots problems, opportunities, threats, trends early. • Is logical, data-based, and rational.

Project Management

Organizes Sets priorities, is able to help employees do the same.

• Organizes tasks and projects effectively. • Prioritizes projects and tasks logically. • Is good at helping employees prioritize tasks. • Is a good coordinator of employees and projects.

ANA LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES FOR NURSE LEADERS

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COMPETENCY CLUSTER

DESCRIPTION BEHAVIORS

Influence Strategic perspective Understands the viewpoint of higher management and effectively analyzes complex problems.

• Does his/her homework before making a proposal to top management. • Works effectively with higher management (e.g. presents to them,

persuades them, and stands up to them if necessary). • Links his/her responsibilities with the mission of the whole organization. • Once the more glaring problems in an assignment are solved, can see

the underlying problems and patterns that were obscured before. • Understands higher management values, how higher management

operates, and how they see things. • Analyzes a complex situation carefully, and then reduces it to its

simplest terms in searching for a solution. • Learns from the mistakes of higher management(i.e., does not repeat

them him/herself). • Has a solid working relationship with higher management.

Systems Thinking

Acts systemically Understands the political nature of the organization and works appropriately within it; effectively establishes collaborative relationships and alliances throughout the organization.

• Understands the political nature of the organization and works appropriately within it.

• Considers the impact of his/her actions on the entire system. • Establishes strong collaborative relationships. • Deals effectively with contradictory requirements or inconsistencies in

the organization.

Vision and Strategy

Strategic planning Develops long-term objectives and strategies; translates vision into realistic business strategies.

• Regularly updates plans to reflect changing circumstances. • Translates his or her vision into realistic business strategies. • Weighs the concerns of all relevant business functions when

developing plans. • Develops plans that contain contingencies for future changes. • Successfully integrates strategic and tactical planning. • Articulates wise, long-term objectives and strategies. • Develops plans that balance long-term goals with immediate

organizational needs.

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ANA LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES FOR NURSE LEADERS

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DESCRIPTION BEHAVIORS

Adaptability Openness to influence; flexibility Takes ideas different from own seriously; shares responsibility and collaborates with others; accepts criticism well; doesn’t assume a single best way.

• Listens well. • Takes ideas different from own seriously and from time to time

changes mind. • Accepts criticism well; easy to give feedback on his/her performance. • Is a participative manager; shares responsibility and influence with

direct reports. • Collaborates well with others. • Is flexible; good at varying his or her approach with the situation. • Thinks in terms of trade-offs; doesn’t assume a single best way. • Creates good give-and-take with others in conversations, meetings. • Doesn’t let power or status go to his/her head.

Initiative Motivates self Is focused and self- disciplined.

• Is self-disciplined — stays on task even if difficult. • Has a strong work ethic — creates a productive atmosphere. • Is energetic — stays active, moving, and productive. • Is determined — committed to success. • Is involved — is there when needed.

Image Executive image Communicates confidence and steadiness during difficult times; adapts readily to new situations.

• Communicates confidence and steadiness during difficult times. • Projects confidence and poise. • Adapts readily to new situations. • Commands attention and respect. • Accepts setbacks with grace.

Integrity Builds relationships Has credibility and is trustworthy in the eyes of co-workers.

• Is trustworthy—produces trust in employees. • Has credibility in the eyes of employees. • Keeps relationships with employees strong. • Treats people fairly and with consistency.

Learning Capacity

Knowledge of job, business Excels at his or her professional function; is a quick study; understands financial information.

• Is a good general manager. • Is effective in a job with a big scope. • In a new assignment, picks up knowledge and expertise easily,

a quick study. • Is at home with graphs, charts, statistics, and budgets. • Understands cash flows, financial reports, and corporate annual reports. • Shows mastery of job content; excels at his or her function or

professional specialty.

Self-Awareness Self-awareness Has an accurate picture of strengths and weaknesses and is willing to improve.

• Admits personal mistakes, learns from them, and moves on to correct the situation.

• Does an honest self-assessment. • Seeks corrective feedback to improve himself or herself. • Sorts out his or her strengths and weaknesses fairly accurately

(i.e., knows himself or herself ).

ANA Leadership • Competency Model ©American Nurses Association 2018. All Rights Reserved.

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ANA LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES FOR NURSE LEADERS

https://www.nursingworld.org/continuing-education/ce-subcategories/leadership/

COMPETENCY CLUSTER

DESCRIPTION BEHAVIORS

Difficulty building and leading a team

Difficulties in selecting and building a team.

• Does not resolve conflict among direct reports. • Hires people with good technical skills but poor ability to work with others. • Does not motivate team members to do the best for the team. • Selects people for a team who don’t work well together. • Is not good at building a team. • Does not help individuals understand how their work fits into the goals

of the organization. • Fails to encourage and involve team members.

Difficulty changing or adapting

Resistant to change, learning from mistakes, and developing.

• Cannot adapt to a new boss with a more participative management style. • Has not adapted to the culture of the organization. • Is unprofessional about his/her disagreement with upper management. • Has an unresolved interpersonal conflict with boss. • Is not adaptable to many different types of people. • Resists learning from his/her mistakes. • Does not use feedback to make necessary changes in his/her behaviors. • Does not handle pressure well. • Has not adapted to the management culture. • Can’t make the mental transition from technical manager to

general manager.

Failure to meet business objectives

Difficulties in following up on promises and completing a job.

• Neglects necessary work to concentrate on high-profile work. • Is overwhelmed by complex tasks. • May have exceeded his or her current level of competence. • Overestimates his/her own abilities. • Has difficulty meeting the expectations of his/her current position.

Problems with interpersonal relationships

Difficulties in developing good working relationships with others.

• Is arrogant (e.g., devalues the contribution of others). • Is dictatorial in his/her approach. • Makes direct reports or peers feel stupid or unintelligent. • Has left a trail of bruised people. • Is emotionally volatile and unpredictable. • Is reluctant to share decision making with others. • Adopts a bullying style under stress. • Orders people around rather than working to get them on board.

Too narrow a functional orientation

Lacks depth to manage outside of one’s current function.

• A promotion would cause him or her to go beyond their current level of competence.

• Is not ready for more responsibility. • Would not be able to manage in a different department. • Could not handle management outside of current function. • Doesn’t understand how other departments function in the organization.

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THE SCIENCE

THE ART

THE LEADER WITHIN

Nurse Manager Competencies

2 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

Suggested APA Citation: AONE, AONL. (2015). AONL Nurse Manager Competencies. Chicago, IL: AONE, AONL.

Accessed at: www.aonl.org

Accessible at: www.aonl.org/competencies

Contact: aonl@aha.org or (312) 422-2800

© 2015 American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE), American Organization for Nursing Leadership (AONL). All materials contained in this publication are available to anyone for download on www.aonl.org, for personal, non-commercial use only. No part of this publication may be reproduced and distributed in any form without permission of AONL, except in the case of brief quotations followed by the above suggested citation. To request permission to reproduce this material, please email aonl@aha.org.http://www.aonl.orghttp://www.aonl.org/competenciesmailto:aonl%40aha.org?subject=http://www.aonl.orgmailto:aonl%40aha.org?subject=

3 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

Nurse managers—nurse leaders with 24 hour accountability and responsibility for a direct care unit or units—provide

the vital link between the administrative

strategic plan and the point of care. The

nurse manager is responsible for creating

safe, healthy environments that support

the work of the health care team and

contribute to patient engagement. The

role is influential in creating a professional

environment and fostering a culture where

interdisciplinary team members are able to

contribute to optimal patient outcomes and

grow professionally.

The Nurse Manager Competencies are

based on the Nurse Manager Learning

Domain Framework and capture the

skills, knowledge and abilities that guide

the practice of these nurse leaders.

The successful nurse leader must gain

expertise in all three domains.

OVERVIEW

In 2004, the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) the American Organization for Nursing Leadership (AONL), and the Association of peri-Operative Registered Nurses (AORN) formed the Nurse Manager Leadership Collaborative for the purpose to identify and organize the skills required to perform the job of the nurse manager. In 2006, AONL and AACN formed the Nurse Manager Leadership Partnership (NMLP) to continue this leadership work.

Reliability and validity for the Nurse Manger Competencies is established by periodic job analysis/role delineation studies. These competencies are based on the A National Practice Analysis Study of the Nurse Manager and Leader (2014).

The Art: Leading the People

Human Resource Leadership Skills Relationship Management and Influencing Behaviors Diversity Shared Decision Making

The Leader Within: Creating the Leader in Yourself

Personal and Professional Accountability Career Planning Personal Journey Disciplines Optimizing the Leader Within

The Science: Managing the Business Financial Management Human Resource Management Performance Improvement Foundational Thinking Skills Technology Strategic Management Clinical Practice Knowledge

THE NURSE MANAGER

© 2006 NMLP

4 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

A. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

1. Recognize the impact of reimbursement on revenue

2. Anticipate the effects of changes on reimbursement programs for patient care

3. Maximize care efficiency and throughput

4. Understand the relationship between value-based purchasing and quality outcomes with revenue and reimbursement

5. Create a budget

6. Monitor a budget

7. Analyze a budget and explain variance

8. Conduct ongoing evaluation of productivity

9. Forecast future revenue and expenses

10. Capital budgeting

» Justification » Cost benefit analysis

B. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

1. Staffing needs

» Evaluate staffing patterns/needs » Match staff competency with patient acuity

2. Manage human resources within the scope of labor laws

3. Apply recruitment techniques

4. Staff selection

» Apply individual interview techniques » Apply team interview techniques » Select and hire qualified applicants

5. Scope of practice

» Develop role definitions for staff consistent with scope of practice

» Implement changes in role consistent with scope of practice

» Orientation » Develop orientation program » Oversee orientation process » Evaluate effectiveness of orientation

C. PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT

1. Performance improvement

» Identify key performance indicators » Establish data collection methodology » Evaluate performance data » Respond to outcome measurement findings

» Comply with documentation requirements

2. Customer and patient engagement

» Assess customer and patient satisfaction » Develop strategies to address satisfaction issues

3. Patient safety

» Monitor and report sentinel events » Participate in root cause analysis » Promote evidence-based practices » Manage incident reporting

4. Maintain survey and regulatory readiness

5. Monitor and promote workplace safety requirements

6. Promote intra/interdepartmental communication

D. FOUNDATIONAL THINKING SKILLS

1. Apply systems thinking knowledge as an approach to analysis and decision-making

2. Understand complex adaptive systems definitions and applications

THE SCIENCE1

5 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

E. TECHNOLOGY

1. Information technology—Understand the effect of IT on patient care and delivery systems to reduce work load

» Ability to integrate technology into patient care processes

» Use information systems to support business decisions

F. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT

1. Facilitate change

» Assess readiness for change » Involve staff in change processes » Communicate changes » Evaluate outcomes

2. Project management

» Identify roles » Establish timelines and milestones » Allocate resources » Manage project plans

3. Contingency plans

» Manage internal disaster or emergency planning and execution

» Manage external disaster or emergency planning and execution

4. Demonstrate written and oral presentation skills

5. Manage meetings effectively

6. Demonstrate negotiation skills

7. Influence the practice of nursing through participation in professional organizations

8. Collaborate with other service lines

9. Shared decision-making

» Establish vision statement » Facilitate a structure of shared governance

» Implement structures and processes » Support a just culture

10. Support a culture of innovation

G. APPROPRIATE CLINICAL PRACTICE KNOWLEDGE

(Determined by specific role and institution)

1. Each role and institution has expectations regarding the clinical knowledge and skill required of the role. These expectations should be established for the specific individual based on organizational requirements.

THE SCIENCE1

6 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

A. HUMAN RESOURCE LEADERSHIP SKILLS

1. Performance management

» Conduct staff evaluations » Assist staff with goal-setting » Implement continual performance development

» Monitor staff for fitness for duty » Initiate corrective actions » Terminate staff

2. Staff development

» Facilitate staff education and needs assessment

» Ensure competency validation » Promote professional development of staff

» Facilitate leadership growth among staff » Identify and develop staff as part of a succession planning program

3. Staff retention

» Assess staff satisfaction » Develop and implement strategies to address satisfaction issues

» Promote retention » Develop methods to reward and recognize staff

B. RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT AND INFLUENCING BEHAVIORS

1. Manage conflict

2. Situation management

» Identify issues that require immediate attention

» Apply principles of crisis management to handle situations as necessary

3. Relationship management

» Promote team dynamics » Mentor and coach staff and colleagues » Apply communication principles

4. Influence others

» Encourage participation in professional action

» Role model professional behavior » Apply motivational theory » Act as change agent » Assist others in developing problem solving skills

» Foster a healthy work environment 5. Promote professional development

» Promote stress management » Apply principles of self-awareness » Encourage evidence-based practice » Apply leadership theory to practice

C. DIVERSITY

1. Cultural competence

» Understand the components of cultural competence as they apply to the workforce

2. Social justice

» Maintain an environment of fairness and processes to support it

3. Generational diversity

» Capitalize on differences to foster highly effective work groups

THE ART2

7 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

A. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY

1. Personal growth and development

» Manage through education advancement, continuing education, career planning and annual self- assessment and action plans

2. Practice ethical behavior

» Including practice that supports nursing standards and scopes of practice

3. Involvement in professional associations

» Including membership and involvement in an appropriate professional association that facilitates networking and professional development

4. Achieve certification in an appropriate field/specialty

B. CAREER PLANNING

1. Know your role

» Understand current job description/ requirements and compare those to current level of practice

2. Know your future

» Plan a career path 3. Position yourself

» Develop a of career path/plan that provides direction while offering flexibility and capacity to adapt to future scenarios

C. PERSONAL JOURNEY DISCIPLINES

1. Apply action learning

» Apply techniques of “action learning” to problem solve and personally reflect on decisions

2. Engage in reflective practice

» Includes knowledge of, and active practice of reflection as a leadership behavior

THE LEADER WITHIN3

8 AONL NURSE MANAGER COMPETENCIES ©2015 AONE, AONL

THE LEADER WITHIN3

REFLECTIVE PRACTICE REFERENCE BEHAVIORS/TENETS Utilizing a set of guidelines and tenants that facilitate reflective practice; these may be individually developed or can be based on specific models developed by others; below are the “Dimensions of Leadership” developed by the Center for Nursing Leadership, which offer an example of a set of guidelines/tenants that can be used as a tool to guide personal reflection of an individual’s leadership behaviors.

1. Holding the truth The presence of integrity as a key value of leadership

2. Appreciation of ambiguity Learning to function comfortably amid the ambiguity of our environments

3. Diversity as a vehicle to wholeness The appreciation of diversity in all its forms: race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, generational, the dissenting voice and differences of all kinds

4. Holding multiple perspectives without judgment Creation and holding a space so that multiple perspectives are entertained before decisions are rendered

5. Discovery of potential The ability to search for and find the potential in ourselves and in others

6. Quest for adventure towards knowing Creating a constant state of learning for the self, as well as an organization

7. Knowing something of life The use of reflective learning and translation of that learning to the work at hand

8. Nurturing the intellectual and emotional self Constantly increasing one’s knowledge of the world and the development of the emotional self

9. Keeping commitments to oneself Creating the balance that regenerates and renews the spirit and body so that it can continue to grow

  • AONL Nurse Manager Competencies
  • Overview
  • 1. The Science
  • 2. The Art
  • 3. The Leader Within

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